Robust energy data is essential to formulate and analyse policies for promoting energy security and sustainable development. Data is used by government policy makers and research communities to explore likely implications of policies. A review of India’s Energy Data Management (EDM) was conducted and it was revealed that most of the energy sector datas are primarily collected for administrative purposes and the mandate to disseminate data is also weak. The study, An Assessment of Energy Data Management in India also revealed gaps in the collected data, in particular, energy consumption data.
Additionally, a review of International Best Practices on EDM, by U.S. Department of Energy was conducted, yielding insights for potential application to India.
Based on these inputs, NITI Aayog led the development of a roadmap for improving energy data management in India.
This roadmap charts out a path aimed at near-term improvements to targeted critical energy data and a longer-term vision of a nodal agency on EDM for India. Major accomplishments in Energy Data Management are –
- Report on the data gaps in the India Energy sector based on feedback from energy data users in the research, policy analysis and modelling communities as well as various ministries during a workshop held in September 2015 co-chaired by NITI Aayog and Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI).
- Energy Data Management Study tour on the side-lines of the India- U.S. Energy Dialogue meetings in Washington D.C. during September 2015. The Indian delegation from NITI Aayog, MoSPI, Petroleum Planning and Analysis Cell (PPAC) of the Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas and Prayas Energy group meet with US – DOE’s Energy Information Administration (EIA), U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, the U.S. Office of Management and Budget, and the Department of Transportation.
- Energy Data Management initiatives coordinated by NITI Aayog under the India-US Sustainable Growth Working Group (SGWG) in collaboration with Prayas Energy Group, Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation (MoSPI), Director General of Hydrocarbons (DGH) and different energy ministries from India and US Department of Energy DOE’s Energy Information Administration (EIA).
India’s Energy Sector: Data Gaps & Opportunities
- Most significant gaps are in availability of data on energy consumption and decentralised small-scale generation sources
- Energy supply data is generally available; some gaps may be easily addressed through improving dissemination
- Data quality and accessibility may be improved by technology upgradation and process improvements
- Need for improved statistical and sectoral knowledge at data agencies
- Nodal agency needed to coordinate data collection, processing and dissemination across ministries