EXPERT VIEWS

Open Access of Electricity- A Case study of Delhi and Haryana

The government of India made an amendment in the Electricity Act, which introduced open access of electricity. Which facilitates the consumers of 1 MW of energy and above eligible to purchase power through an open bidding system. The study was aimed to understand the application and financial implications on different stakeholders like DISCOMs and the consumers themselves. It was backed by the data collected from field based interaction with the major stakeholders. The project was based on reference papers from Prayas and Brookings India. The research closes on the note of way forward to balance out the effects of the policy and mark a decision in the similar direction.

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Thoughts on distribution sector reforms

Prayas (Energy Group), Pune

On 19th April 2017 Prayas made a presentation to the energy sector team of NITI Aayog on the challenges and options for reforms in electricity distribution sector.

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Has India’s Energy Sector Really Transformed 

Shri Anil Kumar Jain, Additional Secretary

The Article well captures the long term ills of the energy sector. It does not exhaustively list all of them such as pricing distortions across energy sector, inability to offer an attractive investment regime for private capital, sticky shares of energy sources in our energy mix, to name a few. However, it does scratch beneath the surface of comfortable coal supplies and surplus electricity scenarios.
I would like to add that some subtle changes are creeping into our energy sector. The over-ambitious renewable target has achieved the intended aim of price reduction in solar and wind energy prices. Now this source is set to overtake fresh capacity additions from conventional sources in the coming years. Secondly, the Government has embarked on a campaign to electrify all homes starting with 100% village connectivity, to be followed up with complete household electrification. Never before has such a saturation programme been ever launched. Energy access has a new meaning and so does the affordability dimension, closely linked with the former. All energy policy statements in the past have spelled out these two ingredients but failed to make a dent on the dismal situation on the ground. For once, the Government’s energy agenda is set to make a huge difference to the lives of so many people.
Clean energy and energy for all characterise the Power sector of today which must be given due acknowledgement in the instant commentary. To revisit article –

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Outcome of the modelling results on Overall Energy Scenario of Japan

Shri Harendra Kumar, Joint Advisor & Shri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay, Senior Research Officer

Uni-variate & Multivariate modelling of Auto-Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) Model and Macroeconomic model structure have been used for projecting overall energy scenario of Japan. The reference scenario (policy as usual) and advanced technology scenario (energy efficient technology policy) has been considered for the projections. These scenarios have been created by assuming following macro-economic indicator of the Japan.

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Highlights on Natural Gas Demand in India and Japan – Joint Research Project between NITI Aayog and Institute of Energy Economics Japan (IEEJ)

Ripunjaya Bansal, Young Professional

India: Natural Gas is going to play an important role globally. It would be the only fossil fuel whose share in energy mix globally would rise by 2040.
Japan: Japan is the World’s largest importer of LNG. Although, it retained its position in 2015, the LNG imports declined by 4% in 2015 to 85 MTPA from 88.5 MTPA in 2014. This is the first decline after Fukushima disaster in 2011 and lowest imports since then.

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Outcome of the modelling results and policy review of Clean Coal Technology in India

Shri Harendra Kumar, Joint Advisor & Shri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay, Senior Research Officer

India Energy Security Scenario (IESS), 2047, an energy projection tool developed by NITI Aayog has been used for projecting clean coal technology scenario in India. The BAU scenario of Level 2 (Deterministic Effort), and Aggressive Effort of Level 3 (Clean Coal Technology or CCT) has been considered to project clean coal technologies scenario in India. Other national targets such as 175 GW of Renewable Energy by 2022, Housing for All by 2022, 100 Smart Cities by 2022 & INDC target have been taken into account for projecting projections for adoption of clean coal technology in power sector.

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Solar power breaks a price barrier

Shri Anil Kumar Jain, Additional Secretary

The success of Rewa Project can be attributed to a world-class contractual framework which largely de-risked the bidders. The prior marketing of power to Delhi Metro also helped matters and drew top solar generators in droves. The above has an important lesson for policy makers. It is not the subsidy (VGF or AD) which is the game changer, but the electricity market. Once you assure power offtake and payment realisation through state guarantees, costs will come down. It needs to be noted that Rewa project involved no VGF and AD provisions stand much diluted from the coming financial year.
Like conventional power, our attention is focussed on generation of renewable power. We may fall into the distribution trap, if the Rewa lesson is not paid heed to. There is a dire necessity of ushering in robust energy markets that would address the concerns of investors and efficiently connect sellers with buyers. NITI Aayog proposes to contribute to resolution of the above through National Energy Policy which is in the works. To revisit the article –

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Clean Coal Technology Demonstration-Isogo Thermal Power Station, Japan

Shri Harendra Kumar, Joint Advisor & Shri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay, Senior Research Officer

Coal is acknowledged as the dirtiest among all fuels. However, if appropriate technology is adopted, then the adverse impact on the environment can be contained. The Isogo Thermal Power Station, located only six kilometres from Yokohama, the second largest city in Japan demonstrates just the above. A team of technical persons from the energy Division of NITI Aayog visited the above plant in Jauary, 2017 and were convinced that India’s power sector could depend on our coal reserves without hurting our air quality.

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Shale gas in India – Challenges and Prospects

Shri Anil Kumar Jain, Advisor & Shri Rajnath Ram, Joint Adviser

India is the third largest consumer of energy in the world after China and USA (Source: BP Statistical Review, 2016), but it is not endowed with abundant energy resources. High reliance on imported energy imperils fiscal stability given volatile energy prices, and also impinges adversely on energy security. Meeting the energy needs of achieving 8%-9% economic growth as also meeting the energy requirements of the population at affordable prices, therefore, presents a major challenge. It calls for a sustained effort at increasing energy efficiency to contain the growth in demand for energy while increasing domestic production as much as possible, to keep import dependence at a reasonable level.

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Renewable Energy Intgeration

Shri Rajnath Ram, Joint Adviser

The average intensity of solar radiation received in India is about 200 MW/km. Among the various renewable energy resources, solar energy potential is the highest in the country. In most parts of India, clear sunny weather is experienced 250 to 300 days a year. The annual radiation varies from 1600 to 2200 kWh/m2, which is comparable with radiation received in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. As per Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, the total Solar Power Potential in India as per recent estimates is about 750 GW.

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India Energy

India Energy