Strengthening India’s Energy Data Management System
Shri Rajnath Ram, Joint Adviser
Energy data management is said to be an efficient if it covers all areas in an automated manner: Collects data, compresses it, analyses it, and provides a basis for decision-making and reporting. Readily available, accurate, reliable and comprehensive data is essential for effective analysis, research and policy formulation in the energy sector. Such data is also useful for effective citizen engagement, business strategy formulation and performance evaluation of energy sector programs and agencies. Provision of such data requires institutional mechanisms and processes to collect, validate and disseminate data in a timely manner.
Coal Gasification in India
Shri Harendra Kumar, Joint Advisor
Coal is the most abundant fuel resource in India with a cumulative total reserve of nearly 307 Billion tonnes, estimated up to the maximum depth of 1200m. In view of the limited reserves of petroleum and natural gas in the country, coal has the potential to be the major energy, ammonia/urea and organic chemicals resource. However, the low calorific value (GCV about 3600) and high levels of inorganic impurities (35-45%) of the Indian coal and availability of suitable technology to process high ash coal restrict its use for alternate energy over imported crude oil and LNG. At present the 60% of available coal is consumed by the power production units, while steel and cement industry consume around 4% and 7% respectively. Other 29% is used as feedstock for producing various chemicals.
Rural Electrification in India
Shri Surinder Singh Sur, Joint Advisor and Shri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay, Senior Research Officer
In 1947, about 1500 villages were electrified in India. Although rural electrification has been regarded as a vital programme for the development of rural areas but pace of electrification of villages in India was slow till 1991. As per CEA, 481124 villages were electrified by 1991 but due to de-electrification of some of the villages this number came down to 474982 by 2004. The main reasons for de-electrification of villages was lack of resources with cash starved State Power Distribution Utilities for maintenance and high cost of maintenance due to scattered & low density consumer base in villages.
Shri S. Sathis Kumar , Officer on Special Duty
With rapid growth of the economy and increase in demand for energy, issues of energy security, efficiency of the entire energy system, and the effects of energy production, conversion, and consumption on the environment require policies that optimize these variables on an integrated basis, rather than by fuel or by specific source of energy. India being the third largest energy consumer in the world, its energy use pattern has a greater impact on the country as well as the world. Emerging economy like India is faced with the dilemma of planning for a robust energy sector to provide access to energy to all its citizens at the same time honour its international commitments to low carbon economy.
Smart Grid Relevance in India
Shri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay, Senior Research Officer
India has seen a phenomenal development in power sector in the last few decades and will keep on growing in the coming decades to maintain the equilibrium with the fast growing economy. As estimated capacity addition of about 22,470 MW and 60,885 MW will be required from convention sources during 13th and 14th plan respectively. The projected Peak Demand is 235 GW and 317 GW in the year 2021-22 and 2026-7 respectively. India has set an ambitious target of having 175 GW of RES installed capacity by 2022 and planned to add another 100 GW of RES by 2027. If these targets are realized in future then renewable energy generation will contribute 20.3 % and 24.2 % of the total energy requirement in 2021-22 and 2026-27 respectively.
Status of technology development and demonstration in India
Shri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay, Senior Research Officer
Currently, the capacity for the beneficiation of thermal coals is estimated at ~ 70 million tonnes per annum in India, with an additional 20 million tonnes per annum proposed. But this capacity also is being utilized only partially. During 2005-06, India produced 380 million tonnes of thermal coals, out of which only 17 million tonnes were beneficiated. This indicates that only about 22 million tonnes of coal i.e. 5% of the total annual coal production were fed for beneficiation (assuming an average yield of 80% for beneficiation process). In India, policy guidelines were introduced in 1997, which restricted the use of unwashed coal in thermal power plants situated more than 1,000 km away from the mine site as well as those located in critical, sensitive, and urban areas. The use of 100 % washed coal in thermal power generation is targeted by 2017.
Bioenergy – Ethanol as biofuel
Shri Dinesh Dhawan, Senior Research Officer
The inevitable decline in petroleum reserves and its impact on gasoline prices, combined with climate change concerns, have contributed to current interest in bioenergy fuels. Bioethanol is the most successful renewable transport fuel with corn and sugarcane ethanol currently in wide use as blend-in fuels in the United States, Brazil, and a few other countries. However, there are a number of major drawbacks in these 1st generation biofuels, such as their effect on food prices, net energy balance, and poor greenhouse gas mitigation.
Strategic Petroleum Reserve
Shafqat Mobarak, Young Professional
You get to realise the role a commodity play in our lives when its hard to get. Same thing happened when demonetisation occurred on the night of 8th November 2016. When your ceased to be legal 500 and 1000 tenders were made to be accepted at ROs, LPG depots along with other basic needs like milk et all. India as a country which imports almost 80% of the country’s liquids demand, surely needs to take its supply – demand issues seriously.
Prospects of Off-Grid Energy Systems in India: Challenges & Opportunities
Ruchi Gupta, Young Professional
Provision of sustained and reliable power to rural households can unlock the keys to the formidable challenge that India faces in rural upliftment by enabling them to prosper by contributing sustainably to the growth story of India. In this direction developing country like India has set itself far reaching yet realistic targets towards achieving complete rural electrification. At the same time India is well aware of its responsibilities and commitments in combating climate change as envisaged in the INDCs submitted to the UNFCCC. India, therefore, will be striving hard to reconcile growth objectives with its own INDCs target.
India Energy Security Scenarios (IESS) 2047
Ripunjaya Bansal, Young Professional
In view of the rising energy demand and sticky import dependency, the need for long term energy planning for India remains as strong as ever. It has also become important to look at the distant medium term, i.e., the next 3-4 decades, looking beyond 2031-32 the terminal year of the Integrated Energy Policy projections. While doing so, the Indian Government is often provided long-term energy demand/supply numbers estimated by international agencies. Several of them including EIA, IEA as well as corporates like Shell, BP, Mckinsey, etc., have presented India’s energy demand-supply scenarios in the years 2035-2050. Projecting India’s energy demand/supply is particularly driven by the fact that with opening up of the economy, and rising economic development, India has become an important international player in the global energy scene.