• Thoughts on distribution sector reformsgif-image

    by Prayas (Energy Group), Pune


    PEG Presentation
  • Has India's Energy Sector Really Transformed

    by Shri Anil Kumar Jain, Additional Secretary

    The Article well captures the long term ills of the energy sector. It does not exhaustively list all of them such as pricing distortions across energy sector, inability to offer an attractive investment regime for private capital, sticky shares of energy sources in our energy mix, to name a few. However, it does scratch beneath the surface of comfortable coal supplies and surplus electricity scenarios.
    I would like to add that some subtle changes are creeping into our energy sector. The over-ambitious renewable target has achieved the intended aim of price reduction in solar and wind energy prices. Now this source is set to overtake fresh capacity additions from conventional sources in the coming years. Secondly, the Government has embarked on a campaign to electrify all homes starting with 100% village connectivity, to be followed up with complete household electrification. Never before has such a saturation programme been ever launched. Energy access has a new meaning and so does the affordability dimension, closely linked with the former. All energy policy statements in the past have spelled out these two ingredients but failed to make a dent on the dismal situation on the ground. For once, the Government's energy agenda is set to make a huge difference to the lives of so many people.
    Clean energy and energy for all characterise the Power sector of today which must be given due acknowledgement in the instant commentary.


    To revisit article; "Has India's Energy Sector Really Transformed- Bloomberg Quint.pdf", click here...
  • Outcome of the modelling results on Overall Energy Scenario of Japangif-image

    by Shri Harendra Kumar, Joint Advisor & Shri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay, Senior Research Officer

    Uni-variate & Multivariate modelling of Auto-Regressive Integrated Moving Average (ARIMA) Model and Macroeconomic model structure have been used for projecting overall energy scenario of Japan. The reference scenario (policy as usual) and advanced technology scenario (energy efficient technology policy) has been considered for the projections. These scenarios have been created by assuming following macro-economic indicator of the Japan.


    Overall Energy Scenario of Japan
  • Highlights on Natural Gas Demand in India and Japan - Joint Research Project between NITI Aayog and Institute of Energy Economics Japan (IEEJ)

    by Ripunjaya Bansal, Young Professional

    India: Natural Gas is going to play an important role globally. It would be the only fossil fuel whose share in energy mix globally would rise by 2040.
    Japan: Japan is the World’s largest importer of LNG. Although, it retained its position in 2015, the LNG imports declined by 4% in 2015 to 85 MTPA from 88.5 MTPA in 2014. This is the first decline after Fukushima disaster in 2011 and lowest imports since then.


    Highlights of Natural Gas Demand India
    Highlights of Natural Gas Demand in Japan
  • Outcome of the modelling results and policy review of Clean Coal Technology in India

    by Shri Harendra Kumar, Joint Advisor & Shri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay, Senior Research Officer

    India Energy Security Scenario (IESS), 2047, an energy projection tool developed by NITI Aayog has been used for projecting clean coal technology scenario in India. The BAU scenario of Level 2 (Deterministic Effort), and Aggressive Effort of Level 3 (Clean Coal Technology or CCT) has been considered to project clean coal technologies scenario in India. Other national targets such as 175 GW of Renewable Energy by 2022, Housing for All by 2022, 100 Smart Cities by 2022 & INDC target have been taken into account for projecting projections for adoption of clean coal technology in power sector.


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  • Outcome of the modelling results and policy review of Clean Coal Technology in Japan

    by Shri Harendra Kumar, Joint Advisor & Shri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay, Senior Research Officer

    NITI Aayog has used multi-variant projection of ARIMA model to project overall energy demand and power generation mix scenario of the Japan. The reference case and advanced technology scenario has been created for the above projection. The reference case is assumed as current policy intervention by Government of Japan and advanced technology scenario has been assumed as advanced technology and energy efficiency penetration in Japan energy sector.


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  • Solar power breaks a price barrier

    by Shri Anil Kumar Jain, Additional Secretary

    The success of Rewa Project can be attributed to a world-class contractual framework which largely de-risked the bidders. The prior marketing of power to Delhi Metro also helped matters and drew top solar generators in droves. The above has an important lesson for policy makers. It is not the subsidy (VGF or AD) which is the game changer, but the electricity market. Once you assure power offtake and payment realisation through state guarantees, costs will come down. It needs to be noted that Rewa project involved no VGF and AD provisions stand much diluted from the coming financial year.
    Like conventional power, our attention is focussed on generation of renewable power. We may fall into the distribution trap, if the Rewa lesson is not paid heed to. There is a dire necessity of ushering in robust energy markets that would address the concerns of investors and efficiently connect sellers with buyers. NITI Aayog proposes to contribute to resolution of the above through National Energy Policy which is in the works.


    To revisit article, click here...
  • Clean Coal Technology Demonstration-Isogo Thermal Power Station, Japan

    by Shri Harendra Kumar, Joint Advisor & Shri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay, Senior Research Officer

    Coal is acknowledged as the dirtiest among all fuels. However, if appropriate technology is adopted, then the adverse impact on the environment can be contained. The Isogo Thermal Power Station, located only six kilometres from Yokohama, the second largest city in Japan demonstrates just the above. A team of technical persons from the energy Division of NITI Aayog visited the above plant in Jauary, 2017 and were convinced that India’s power sector could depend on our coal reserves without hurting our air quality.


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  • Shale gas in India - Challenges and Prospects

    by Shri Anil Kumar Jain, Advisor & Shri Rajnath Ram, Joint Adviser

    India is the third largest consumer of energy in the world after China and USA (Source: BP Statistical Review, 2016), but it is not endowed with abundant energy resources. High reliance on imported energy imperils fiscal stability given volatile energy prices, and also impinges adversely on energy security. Meeting the energy needs of achieving 8%-9% economic growth as also meeting the energy requirements of the population at affordable prices, therefore, presents a major challenge. It calls for a sustained effort at increasing energy efficiency to contain the growth in demand for energy while increasing domestic production as much as possible, to keep import dependence at a reasonable level.


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  • Renewable Energy Intgeration

    by Shri Rajnath Ram, Joint Adviser

    The average intensity of solar radiation received in India is about 200 MW/km. Among the various renewable energy resources, solar energy potential is the highest in the country. In most parts of India, clear sunny weather is experienced 250 to 300 days a year. The annual radiation varies from 1600 to 2200 kWh/m2, which is comparable with radiation received in the tropical and sub-tropical regions. As per Ministry of New and Renewable Energy, the total Solar Power Potential in India as per recent estimates is about 750 GW.


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  • Strengthening India’s Energy Data Management System

    by Shri Rajnath Ram, Joint Adviser

    Energy data management is said to be an efficient if it covers all areas in an automated manner: Collects data, compresses it, analyses it, and provides a basis for decision-making and reporting. Readily available, accurate, reliable and comprehensive data is essential for effective analysis, research and policy formulation in the energy sector. Such data is also useful for effective citizen engagement, business strategy formulation and performance evaluation of energy sector programs and agencies. Provision of such data requires institutional mechanisms and processes to collect, validate and disseminate data in a timely manner.


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  • Coal Gasification in India

    by Shri Harendra Kumar, Joint Advisor

    Coal is the most abundant fuel resource in India with a cumulative total reserve of nearly 307 Billion tonnes, estimated up to the maximum depth of 1200m. In view of the limited reserves of petroleum and natural gas in the country, coal has the potential to be the major energy, ammonia/urea and organic chemicals resource. However, the low calorific value (GCV about 3600) and high levels of inorganic impurities (35-45%) of the Indian coal and availability of suitable technology to process high ash coal restrict its use for alternate energy over imported crude oil and LNG. At present the 60% of available coal is consumed by the power production units, while steel and cement industry consume around 4% and 7% respectively. Other 29% is used as feedstock for producing various chemicals.


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  • Rural Electrification in India

    by Shri Surinder Singh Sur, Joint Advisor and Shri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay, Senior Research Officer

    In 1947, about 1500 villages were electrified in India. Although rural electrification has been regarded as a vital programme for the development of rural areas but pace of electrification of villages in India was slow till 1991. As per CEA, 481124 villages were electrified by 1991 but due to de-electrification of some of the villages this number came down to 474982 by 2004. The main reasons for de-electrification of villages was lack of resources with cash starved State Power Distribution Utilities for maintenance and high cost of maintenance due to scattered & low density consumer base in villages.


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  • Energy Efficiency

    by Shri S. Sathis Kumar , Officer on Special Duty

    With rapid growth of the economy and increase in demand for energy, issues of energy security, efficiency of the entire energy system, and the effects of energy production, conversion, and consumption on the environment require policies that optimize these variables on an integrated basis, rather than by fuel or by specific source of energy. India being the third largest energy consumer in the world, its energy use pattern has a greater impact on the country as well as the world. Emerging economy like India is faced with the dilemma of planning for a robust energy sector to provide access to energy to all its citizens at the same time honour its international commitments to low carbon economy.


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  • Smart Grid Relevance in India

    by Shri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay, Senior Research Officer

    India has seen a phenomenal development in power sector in the last few decades and will keep on growing in the coming decades to maintain the equilibrium with the fast growing economy. As estimated capacity addition of about 22,470 MW and 60,885 MW will be required from convention sources during 13th and 14th plan respectively. The projected Peak Demand is 235 GW and 317 GW in the year 2021-22 and 2026-7 respectively. India has set an ambitious target of having 175 GW of RES installed capacity by 2022 and planned to add another 100 GW of RES by 2027. If these targets are realized in future then renewable energy generation will contribute 20.3 % and 24.2 % of the total energy requirement in 2021-22 and 2026-27 respectively.


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  • Status of technology development and demonstration in India

    by Shri Manoj Kumar Upadhyay, Senior Research Officer

    Currently, the capacity for the beneficiation of thermal coals is estimated at ~ 70 million tonnes per annum in India, with an additional 20 million tonnes per annum proposed. But this capacity also is being utilized only partially. During 2005-06, India produced 380 million tonnes of thermal coals, out of which only 17 million tonnes were beneficiated. This indicates that only about 22 million tonnes of coal i.e. 5% of the total annual coal production were fed for beneficiation (assuming an average yield of 80% for beneficiation process). In India, policy guidelines were introduced in 1997, which restricted the use of unwashed coal in thermal power plants situated more than 1,000 km away from the mine site as well as those located in critical, sensitive, and urban areas. The use of 100 % washed coal in thermal power generation is targeted by 2017.


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  • Bioenergy - Ethanol as biofuel

    by Shri Dinesh Dhawan, Senior Research Officer

    The inevitable decline in petroleum reserves and its impact on gasoline prices, combined with climate change concerns, have contributed to current interest in bioenergy fuels. Bioethanol is the most successful renewable transport fuel with corn and sugarcane ethanol currently in wide use as blend-in fuels in the United States, Brazil, and a few other countries. However, there are a number of major drawbacks in these 1st generation biofuels, such as their effect on food prices, net energy balance, and poor greenhouse gas mitigation.


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  • Strategic Petroleum Reserve

    by Shafqat Mobarak, Young Professional

    You get to realise the role a commodity play in our lives when its hard to get. Same thing happened when demonetisation occurred on the night of 8th November 2016. When your ceased to be legal 500 and 1000 tenders were made to be accepted at ROs, LPG depots along with other basic needs like milk et all. India as a country which imports almost 80% of the country’s liquids demand, surely needs to take its supply - demand issues seriously.


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  • Prospects of Off-Grid Energy Systems in India: Challenges & Opportunities

    by Ruchi Gupta, Young Professional

    Provision of sustained and reliable power to rural households can unlock the keys to the formidable challenge that India faces in rural upliftment by enabling them to prosper by contributing sustainably to the growth story of India. In this direction developing country like India has set itself far reaching yet realistic targets towards achieving complete rural electrification. At the same time India is well aware of its responsibilities and commitments in combating climate change as envisaged in the INDCs submitted to the UNFCCC. India, therefore, will be striving hard to reconcile growth objectives with its own INDCs target.


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  • India Energy Security Scenarios (IESS) 2047

    by Ripunjaya Bansal, Young Professional

    In view of the rising energy demand and sticky import dependency, the need for long term energy planning for India remains as strong as ever. It has also become important to look at the distant medium term, i.e., the next 3-4 decades, looking beyond 2031-32 the terminal year of the Integrated Energy Policy projections. While doing so, the Indian Government is often provided long-term energy demand/supply numbers estimated by international agencies. Several of them including EIA, IEA as well as corporates like Shell, BP, Mckinsey, etc., have presented India’s energy demand-supply scenarios in the years 2035-2050. Projecting India’s energy demand/supply is particularly driven by the fact that with opening up of the economy, and rising economic development, India has become an important international player in the global energy scene.


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